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Shemitah calendar for fruit

Shemitah calendar for fruit

When does each kind of fruit have kedushat shevi'it and when is its' bi'ur time? Appendix A of the Consumer's Guide to Shemitah.

Rabbi Moshe Bloom

Fruit[1]

Kedushat shevi'it starts

Kedushat shevi'it ends

Bi'ur time

Almond
(dry)

Early Sept. end of shemitah
(Early Elul 5782-2022)

Mid-Sept. end of eighth year (Late Elul 5783-2023)

Late Jan. eighth year (Early Shevat 5783-2023)

Almond
(green)

Early May shemitah
(Early Iyar 5782-2022)

Late May eighth year (Early Sivan 5783-2023)

Late Jan. eighth year (Early Shevat 5783-2023)

Apple

Mid-May shemitah
(Mid-Iyar 5782-2022)

Late June eighth year (Mid-Tamuz 2023-5783)

Mid-Jan. eighth year (Early Shevat 5783-2023)

Apricot

Early April shemitah (Early Nissan 5782-2022)

Early May eighth year (Mid-Iyar 5783-2023)

Early Sept. end of  shemitah (Early Elul 5782-2022)

Avocado

Mid-July shemitah
(Mid-Tamuz 5782-2022)

Mid-July eighth year
(Early Av 5783-2023)

Early Oct. eighth year (Mid-Tishrei 5783-2023)

Blueberry[4]

Early Jan. shemitah
(Early Shevat 5782-2022)

Early Jan. eighth year (Mid-Tevet 5783-2023)

Early Nov. eighth year (Mid-Cheshvan 5783-2023)

Carob

Mid-Sept. end of shemitah
(Mid-Elul 5782-2022)

Early Nov. ninth year (Mid-Cheshvan 5784-2023)

Mid-Jan. eighth year (Early Shevat 5783-2023)

Cherry

Mid-April shemitah
(Mid-Nisan 5782-2022)

Early June eighth year (Mid-Sivan 5783-2023)

Early Aug. shemitah
(Early Av 5782-2022)

Clementine (tangerine)

Mid-Aug. shemitah
(Mid-Av 5782-2022)

Mid-Aug. eighth year (Early Elul 5783-2023)

Mid-May eighth year (Early Sivan 5783-2023)

Date

Early Aug. shemitah
(Early Av 5782-2022)

Early Oct. ninth year (Mid-Tishrei 5784-2023)

Purim eighth year

(March 7, 5783-2023)

Etrog

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-April eighth year (Early Iyar 5783-2023)

Mid-April eighth year (Early Iyar 5783-2023)

Feijoa

Mid-Sept. end of shemitah (Mid-Tishrei 5782-2022)

Mid-Sept ninth year
(Early Tishrei 5784-2023)

Early March eighth year (Mid-Adar 5783-2023)

Fig

Mid-April shemitah
(Mid-Nisan 5782-2022)

Mid-April shemitah
(Mid-Nisan 5783-2023)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

Grapefruit

Early Sept. end of shemitah (Early Elul 5782-2022)

Mid-Sept. ninth year (Early Tishrei 5784-2023)

Mid-June eighth year (Eary Tamuz 5783-2023)

Guava

Mid-July shemitah
(Mid-Tamuz 5782-2022)

Mid-July eighth year (Early Avl 5783-2023)

Mid-Dec. eighth year (Early Tevet 5783-2022)

Hazelnut3

No kedushat shevi'it (k.s.)

Not Applicable (NA)

NA

Kiwi

Mid-Aug. shemitah
(Mid-Av 5782-2022)

Mid-Aug. eighth year (Early Elul 5783-2023)

Mid-March eighth year (Early Nisan 5783-2023)

Kumquat

Mid-Oct. eighth year (Mid-Tishrei 5783-2022)

Mid-Oct. ninth year (Early Cheshvan 5784-2023)

Mid-March eighth year (Early Nisan 5783-2023)

Lemon and lime

Early May shemitah
(Early Iyar 5782-2022)

Early May eighth year (Mid-Iyar 5783-2023)

Early Oct. ninth year (Mid-Tishrei 5784-2023)

Longanberry

Early June shemitah
(Early Sivan 5782-2022)  

Early June eighth year (Mid-Sivan 5783)

Mid-Dec. eighth year (Early Tevet 5783-2022)

Loquat         

Mid-Jan. shemitah
(Mid-Shevat 5782-2022)

Mid-Jan. eighth year (Early Shevat 5783-2023)

Early July shemitah
(Mid-Tamuz 5782-2022)

Lychee

Mid-May shemitah
(Mid-Iyar 5782-2022)

Mid-May eighth year (Early Sivan 5783-2023)

Early-Nov. eighth year (Mid-Cheshvan 5783-2022)

Mandarin
orange

Mid-Aug. shemitah
(Mid-Av 5782-2022)

Mid-Aug. eighth year (Early Elul 5783-2023)

Mid-May eighth year (Early Sivan 5783-2023)

Mango

Early June shemitah
(Early Sivan 5782-2022)

Mid-June eighth year (Mןג-Sivan 5783-2023)

Mid-Feb. eighth year (Early Adar 5783-2023)

Mulberry

Early May shemitah
(Early Iyar 5782-2022)

Early May eighth year (Mid-Iyar 5783-2023)

Early Oct. eighth year (Mid-Tishrei 5783-2022)

Nectarine

Early Feb. shemitah
(Early I Adar 5782-2022)

Early Feb. eighth year (Mid-Shevat 5783-2023)

Early Dec. eighth year (Mid-Kislev 5783-2022)

Oil olives

Mid-Sept. end of shemitah (Mid- Tishrei 5783-2022)

Mid-Sept. ninth year (Early Tishrei 5784-2023)

Shavu'ot eighth year (May 26, 5783-2023)

Orange

Mid-Aug. shemitah (Mid-Av 5782-2022)

Mid-Aug. eighth year (Early Elul 5783-2023)

Mid-June eighth year (Early Tamuz 5783-2023)

Passionfruit [6]

Mid-Nov. shemitah (Mid-Kislev 5782-2021)

Early Dec. eighth year (Mid-Kislev 5783-2022)

NA [7]

Peach

Early Feb. shemitah
(Early I Adar 5782)

Early Feb. eighth year (Mid-Shevat 5783-2023)

Early Dec. eighth year (Mid-Kislev 5783-2022)

Pear

Mid-June shemitah
(Late Sivan 5782-2022)

Mid-June eighth year (Early Tamuz 5783-2023)

Early Nov. eighth year (Mid-Cheshvan 5783-2022)

Pecan[2]

Early Oct. eighth year (Early Tishrei 5783-2022)

Mid-Nov. ninth year (Early Kislev 5784-2023)

Mid-May eighth year (Early Sivan 5783-2023)

Peelables (citrus: Or, Ora, Nova)

Mid-Aug. end of shemitah (Mid-Av 5782-2022)

Mid-Aug. eighth year (Early Elul 5783-2023)

Mid-May eighth year (Early Sivan 5783-2023)

Persimmon

Mid-Aug. end of shemitah (Mid-Av 5782-2022)

Mid-Aug. eighth year (Early Elul 5783-2023)

Early Jan. eighth year (Mid-Tevet 5783-2022)

Peruvian Apple Cactus [5]

Early Oct. shemitah (Early Cheshvan 5782-2021)

Early Nov. eighth year (Mid-Cheshvan 5783-2022)

Mid-Nov. shemitah
(Early Kislev 5782-2022)

Pistachio[3]

No k.s.

NA

NA

Pitaya (Dragonfruit) [5]

Late Dec. shemitah
(Late Tevet 5782-2021)

Late Dec. eighth year
(Early Tevet 5783)

Mid-Sept. end of shemitah (Mid-Elul 5782-2022)

Plum – European (oval)

Mid-July shemitah
(Mid-Tamuz 5782-2022)

Mid-July eighth year (Early Av 5783-2023)

Mid-Dec. eighth year (Early Tevet 5783-2022)

Plum – Japanese (round)

Mid-April shemitah
(Mid-Nisan 5782-2022)

Early May eighth year (Mid-Iyar 5783-2023)

Mid-Dec. eighth year (Early Tevet 5783-2022)

Pomegranate

Mid-July shemitah
(Mid-Tamuz 5782-2022)

Mid-July eighth year (Early Av 5783-2023)

Mid-Feb. eighth year (Early Adar 5783-2023)

Pomelo

Early Sept. end of shemitah (Early Elul 5782-2022)

Mid-Nov. ninth year (Early Kislev 5784-2023)

Mid-June eighth year (Early Tamuz 5783-2023)

Quince [8]

Early July shemitah
(Early Tamuz 5782-2022)

Early July eighth year (Mid-Tamuz 5783-2023)

Mid-Jan. eighth year (Early Shevat 5783-2023)

Sabra (prickly pear) [9]

Early Jan. shemitah
(Early Shevat 5782-2022)

Early Jan. eighth year (Mid-Tevet 5783-2023)

Early March. eighth year (Mid-Adar  5783-2022)

Star fruit (carambola)

Mid-Oct. end of shemitah (Mid-Cheshvan 5782-2022)

Chanukah eighth year 

Mid-Feb. eighth year (Early Adar 5783-2023)

Sweet cherry (Hackberry)

Mid-April shemitah
(Mid-Nisan 5782-2022)

Mid-May eighth year (Early Sivan 5783-2023)

Early Aug. shemitah
(Mid-Av 5782-2022)

Sweetsop (sugar apple)

Early July. shemitah
(Early Tamuz 5782-2022)

Ealy July eighth year (Mid-Av 5783-2023)

Mid-April eighth year (Early Iyar 5783-2023)

Table grapes

Mid-March shemitah
(Mid-II Adar 5782-2022)

Mid-May eighth year (Early Nisan 5783-2023)

Pesach eighth year
(April 6, 5783-2023)

Table olives

Mid-July shemitah
(Mid-Tamuz 5782-2022)

Mid-July eighth year (Early Av 5783-2023)

Shavu'ot eighth year (May 26, 5783-2023)

Walnut

No k.s.[3]

NA

NA

Wine grapes

Early July shemitah
(Early Sivan 5782-2022)

Early June eighth year (Mid-Sivan 5783-2023)

Pesach eighth year
(April 6, 5783-2023)

 

 

[1] General note: The sefichin prohibition does not apply to fruit.
The list is based on the solar calendar. Since the stage that determines shemitah sanctity for fruit is chanatah, the beginning of the fruit's formation, we follow the solar calendar. This is because the processes of growth for both fruits and vegetables follow the solar calendar. See Tosafot, Rosh Hashanah 15a, s.v. dechadashim. The dates in parenthesis (Gregorian and Hebrew) are correct for this shemitah year only.
These tables were prepared with the help of Mr. Meir Frankel of blessed memory (The Agriculture Guide, Training and Professional Services Unit of the Ministry of Agriculture) and Agron. Dr. Mordechai Shomron (Torah VeHa'aretz Institute).


[2] In contrast to other nuts, there are pecans that grow in Israel. However, some maintain that bi'ur does not apply to them because the nuts are often on the trees for the entire year; see Chapter 24 §B.7.

[3] This fruit is not grown in Israel (as of 5782); since all such fruits are imported, the laws of shemitah do not apply.

[4] Fruit available in the early winter is from varieties where there may be a problem of orlah during the shemitah year and the eighth year (5782-3).

[5] Both pitaya (dragon fruit) and Peruvian apple cactus begin to develop around Rosh Hashanah time, so during Cheshvan 5782 and 5783 fruit may be available with and without kedushat shevi'it, based on the time they began to develop (chanatah).

[6] Times here are according to those who hold that the passionfruit vine is a tree (most Ashekenazi posekim). For those who maintain that it is a vegetable, see the Shemitah Calendar for Vegetables.

[7] Available all year, so bi'ur does not apply.

[8] Most quince is imported. Local Israeli-grown quince generally is available in markets around Rosh Hashanah time, but at times harvest is earlier.

[9] In recent years there are more strains of prickly pears, so chanatah and harvest takes place year-round.