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Shemitah calendar for vegetables

Shemitah calendar for vegetables

When does each kind of vegetable have kedushat shevi'it, and when is its' bi'ur time? Appendix C of the Consumer's Guide to Shemitah.

Rabbi Moshe Bloom

Vegetable

Kedushat shevi'it starts[1]

Sefichin prohibition starts[2]

Sefichin prohibition 
ends

Bi'ur time

Artichoke

Early Nov. shemitah
(Early Kislev  5782-2021)[5]

Not sefichin[3]

NA

Early Aug. shemitah
(Early Av
5782-2022)

Arum

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Jan. shemitah
(Early Shevat 5782-2022)

Mid-Jan. eighth year
(Early Shevat 5783-2023)

NA[4]

Asparagus

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

 

NA

NA

Baby radish (cherry belle/ cherriette)

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Late Oct. shemitah
(Late Cheshvan 5782-2021)

Late Oct. eighth year (Early Cheshvan 5783-2022)

NA

Bamiah (okra)[6]

Not sacred[7]

Not sefichin[7]

NA

NA[7]

Banana

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Not sefichin[3]

NA

NA[4]

Beet

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Dec. shemitah
(Mid-Tevet 5782-2022)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Broccoli

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Nov. shemitah 
(Mid-Kislev 5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Butternut squash

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early March shemitah
(Early Adar II  5782-2022)

Early April eighth year (Mid-Nisan  5783-2023)

Early Oct. eighth year
(Mid-Tishrei 5783-2022)

Carrot

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Dec. shemitah
(Early Tevet  5782-2022)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA

Cauliflower

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Nov. shemitah
(Mid- Kislev  5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA

Chard

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Oct. shemitah
(Early Cheshvan, 5782-2021)

Early Nov. eighth year (Mid-  Cheshvan
5783-2022)

NA

Coriander (cilantro)

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Nov. shemitah
(Early Kislev 5782-2022)

Chanukah eighth year
(Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA

Cucumber

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Oct. shemitah
(Mid-Cheshvan 5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year
(Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA

Dill

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Oct. shemitah
(Mid-Cheshvan  5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year
(Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA

Dry onion

Early Jan. shemitah
(Early Shevat 5782-2021)

Early Jan. shemitah
(Early Shevat 5782-2021)

Mid-Jan. eighth year (Early-Shevat 5783-2023)[5]

NA

Eggplant

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Nov. shemitah
(Early Kislev  5782-2022)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Fava beans in a pod

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Nov. shemitah
(Mid-Kislev
 5782-2022)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

Mid-July shemitah
(Mid-Tamuz 5782-2022)[11]

Fennel

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Nov. shemitah
(Early Kislev
5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA

Garlic

Mid-Feb. shemitah
(Mid-Adar I 5782-2022) [5]

Mid-March shemitah (Mid-Adar II 5782-2022)[14]

Mid-March eighth year (Late Adar 5783-2023)

Mid-Aug. shemitah
(Mid-Av 5782-2022)

Green beans (or yellow) in a pod

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Late Nov. shemitah
(Early Kislev 5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

Mid-July shemitah
(Mid-Tammuz 5782-2022)

Horseradish

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Aug. shemitah
(Early Av 5782-2022)

Early Aug. eighth year
(Mid-Av 
5783-2023)

NA[4]

Hot pepper

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Nov. shemitah
(1 Kislev 
5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Kohlrabi (turnip cabbage)

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Nov. shemitah
(1 Kislev
 5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Lettuce[9]

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Sept. shemitah
(Mid-Tishrei  5782-2021)

Mid-Oct. eighth year
(Early Cheshvan 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Melon[10]

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Nov. shemitah
(Early Kislev 
5782-2022)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Mint

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Not sefichin

NA[4]

NA[4]

Mushroom

No k.s.[12]

Not sefichin[8]

NA

NA[8]

Paprika

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Aug. shemitah
(Mid-Av
5782-2022)

Early Sept. eighth year (Mid-Elul 5782-2022)

NA[4]

Parsley leaves

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Oct. shemitah
(Mid-Cheshvan 5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Parsley root

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early-Jan. shemitah
(Ear-Shevat 5782-2022)

Mid-Jan. eighth year (Early Shevat 
5783-2022)

NA[4]

Peas in a pod

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Nov. shemitah
(Early Kislev
5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Pepper

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Nov. shemitah
(Early Kislev
5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Pineapple

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Not sefichin[3]

NA

NA[4]

Potato

Early Dec. shemitah
(Early Tevet  5782-2021)

Early Dec. shemitah
(Early Tevet  5782-2021)[5]

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Pumpkin

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early May shemitah[8](Early Iyar 
5782-2022)

Early May eighth year
(Mid-Iyar
 5783-2023)

Mid-Nov. eighth year
(Early Kislev  5783-2022)

Radish

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Oct. shemitah
(Early Cheshvan
 
5782-2021)

Mid-Nov. eighth year (Mid- Cheshvan 5782-2022)

NA[4]

Raspberry[4]

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Not sefichin

NA

Late Aug. shemitah
(Late Av 5782-2022)

Red cabbage

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Nov. shemitah
(Mid-Kislev 5782-2022)

Chanukah eighth year
(Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Scallions

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Nov. shemitah
(Early Kislev 5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Spinach

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Oct. shemitah
(Mid-Cheshvan 5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[4]

Spring onion

Mid-Dec. shemitah
(Mid-Tevet
 5782-2021)[5]

Mid-Dec. shemitah
(Mid-Tevet
 5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA

Squash

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Early Oct. shemitah
(Early Cheshvan 5782-2021)

Early Nov. eighth year (Early  Cheshvan 
5783-2022)

NA

Strawberry

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Oct. shemitah
(Mid-Cheshvan  5782-2022)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA[15]

Sweet potato

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-July shemitah
(Mid-Tamuz 5782-2022)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

Mid-March eighth year
(Early Nisan  5783-2023)

Tomato

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Nov. shemitah
(Mid-Kislev 5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA

Turnip

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Oct. shemitah
(Mid-Cheshvan 5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA

Watermelon

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Nov. shemitah
(Mid-Kislev  5782-2022)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

Early Nov. eighth year 
(Mid-Cheshvan 5783-2022)
[13]

White cabbage

3 Tishrei shemitah
(Sept. 9, 5782-2021)

Mid-Nov. shemitah
(Mid-Kislev 5782-2021)

Chanukah eighth year (Dec. 19, 5783-2022)

NA

 

 

[1] Vegetables will have kedushat shevi'it when they are harvested during the shemitah year (from 1 Tishrei to 29 Elul).

[2] The time for the sefichin prohibition in the chart is determined by the custom to be lenient for vegetables that began to sprout before shemitah.

[3] Grown commercially as a perennial crop so one need not be concerned about sefichin in the market.

[4]  Most vegetables are not subject to bi'ur since they are grown throughout the year in Israel today, so the status of "gone for the animals of the field" does not apply. This includes vegetables that in the distant and recent past were only seasonal. However, there are still some vegetables that are seasonal and there are times when they are not growing in the field. Therefore, the laws of bi'ur do apply to them.

[5] Crops with kedushat shevi'it are not expected to arrive in supermarkets until this date.

[6] There is only a bit of bamiah (okre) grown by Jews, especially on small farms selling directly to customers.

[7] Crops available in the marketplace is grown by non-Jews, yivul nochri. No kedushat shevi'it or sefichin.

[8] There may be small-scale harvest from early January from the Dead Sea and Jordan Valley regions.

[9] Insect-free leafy vegetables growing on detached platforms do not have kedushat shevi'it. The sefichin prohibition does not apply to them.

[10] During the winter; most melons are grown in the Aravah.

[11] Often planted around September. If planted before the end of shemitah the time of bi'ur will be mid-winter.

[12] Mushrooms are not considered plants so the laws of shemitah do not apply to them.

[13] Dates here are for those who view passionfruit as a vegetable (most Sephardi posekim). For those who follow the Ashkenazi custom, see the shemitah schedule for fruit. 

[14] Dry garlic arrives only in early March.

 [15] Today there are summer crops as well, so they are considered vegetables that are available all year.