Shop עברית

Shemitah

Handling heter mechirah produce

Rabbis of Torah VeHa'aretz Institute
  1. How should I handle heter mechirah fruits and vegetables—do they have kedushat shevi'it (What does this mean? Can I throw away a rotten vegetable to the regular garbage can?)
  2. Is it mandatory to separate terumot and ma'aserot from fruits and vegetables that grew in Israel under heter mechirah?

Kedushat shevi'it outside of Israel

Rabbi Yehuda HaLevy Amichay

Do fruits and vegetables that grow outside the Land of Israel during the shemitah year have kedushat shevi'it?

Otzar beit din in short

Rabbi Yehuda HaLevy Amichay

What are the difficulties that the institution of otzar beit din address?

Shemitah lechumrah

Rabbi Yehudah HaLevy Amichay

What does shemitah lechumrah mean? If I eat heter mechirah, could I eat shemitah lechumrah?

Status of fruit that began growing between 1 Tishrei and 15 Shevat of the 7th and 8th years

Rabbis of Torah VeHa'aretz Institute

I'm asking about the difference between the period from Rosh Hashanah of the shemitah year and Rosh Hashanah of the ma'aser year, which is 15 Shevat. The new year for shemitah is 1 Tishrei, while the new year for ma'aserot from fruit is 15 Shevat (Tu BiShevat), as ruled by Beit Hillel. While the shemitah year starts on 1 Tishrei, we are still actually in the sixth ma'aser year (with the seventh year beginning only on 15 Shevat). If so, if a fruit begins to grow before 15 Shevat, do we need to separate ma'aser ani from it, as is the rule for sixth-year produce? On the other hand, from the research I've done, according to halachah during the shemitah year every fruit that begins to develop after 1 Tishrei will have kedushat shevi'it and thus exempt from ma'aser.

Practically speaking, the same question applies every year when the ma'aser sheni year switches to ma'aser ani, and vice-versa. The "problem" stems from the fact that the shemitah year period is not the same as the ma'aser year period, so it turns out that there is always a time during the year (from 1 Tishrei to 15 Shevat) where the shemitah cycle year is ahead of the ma'aser year.

Thank you!

Transplanting a tree during the shemitah year

Rabbi Yaakov Epstein

In the yard adjacent to my house construction will start soon, slated to begin after Rosh Hashanah. There are fruit trees growing in the yard: citrus, loquat, and plum trees. These trees will need to be uprooted and replanted during the shemitah year. Under which conditions can trees be transplanted during shemitah? The construction work cannot begin before Rosh Hashanah, and these are large fruit trees. What about orlah—will the trees need to restart their orlah count?

Fruit picking tourism during the shemitah year

Rabbi Yehuda HaLevy Amichay

Is there a problem participating in a fruit-picking tourist activity (where you pay for the harvesting experience and receive the basket of fruit that you pick) during the shemitah year?

Gray water recycling system from home to garden during shemitah

Rabbi Avraham Socholovsky

I recently hooked up a gray water recycling system from my house to the garden. My garden is approximately 200 m2, including 80 m2 of grass, 10 fruit trees, a living fence, and annual and perennial ornamental plants. I have about 500 drip pipes that run off of the system. Every day an average of 300 L of water runs out to the garden.

Is it possible to continue using the system during the shemitah year?

Do neta revay laws apply during the shemitah year?

Rabbi Avraham Socholovsky

Dear Rabbi,

We have a pomegranate tree, and next year it will begin its fourth year. Because next year is a shemitah year, is there something special we have to do with the fruit besides separating terumot and ma'aserot? Is there a different way to perform the separation?

Otzar Ha'aretz membership during the shemitah year

Rabbi Yehuda HaLevy Amichay

Is there an advantage to have membership in Otzar Ha'aretz (besides the important financial support) for the issue of transacting with shemitah produce?