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Buying Flowers During Shemitah

Buying Flowers During Shemitah

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We would like to thank agronomists Yechiel Steinmetz and Yair Nishri – Flower Department, Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, for the information we used to prepare these tables.

The information in the tables below relates to buying bouquets and flower arrangements, not to buying plants in nurseries.1 Do not purchase flowers from growers who grow them in a forbidden manner to avoid aiding wrongdoers. Buy them only from vendors who present proof that the flowers grew in a permissible manner, under halachic supervision or heter mechirah.

Flowers that may be purchased even without halachic supervision include:

  1. Flowers generally planted latest before the beginning of shemitah; it stands to reason they were planted beforehand.
  2. Perennials were not necessarily planted during shemitah and may have been planted before.

Even in these cases it is best to purchase flowers only from places with supervision, to ensure they are tended to during the shemitah year in a permissible fashion. Furthermore, the year following shemitah we need to make sure to buy plants planted in a permissible manner (heter mechirah/detached platforms).

Kedushat shevi'itFragrant flowers picked during the shemitah year not grown on detached platforms or employing heter mechirah have kedushat shevi’it, shemitah sanctity. Fragrant flowers are marked
 

🌷Flowers that require supervision throughout shemitah2

Hebrew

Name

Hebrew

Name

Hebrew

Flower Name

תורמוס

Lupine

ארומרוס

Foxtail lilies

אקוניטום

Aconitum

נרקיס

Narcissus

פרזיה

Freesia

כלנית

Anemone

טופח

Peavine

קיפודן

Globe thistle

קאלות לבנה

Arum lilies

טולבגיה

Society garlic

היביסקוס

Hibiscus

אמיתה

Bishop’s weed

ברודיאה

Triplet lilies

איריס

Iris

נורית

Buttercup

נץ חלב דוביום/לבן

Tuberose (white)

ליאטריס

Liatris

דלפיניום

Delphinium

🌷Perennials that do not require supervision during shemitah3

Hebrew

Name

Hebrew

Name

Hebrew

Flower Name

פלוקס

Phlox

שבטיבט

Great horsetail

אנטוריום

Anthurium

פיטוספורום

Pittospormum

גרווילאה

Grevilla

שיטה

Acacia

פרוטאות

Protea

גיבסנית

Gypsophila (Baby's Breath)

ארליה

Aralia (Fastia)

פרח האורז

Rice flower

הליקוניה

Heliconia

אספרגוס

Asparagus

ורדים

Roses4

בנקציה

Lady Banks rose

מגינית

Aspedistra

רוסקוס (עצבונית)

Ruscus

סהרון

Laurel-leaved snail tree

ציפור גן עדן

Bird of Paradise

לאוקדנדרון

Leucadendron

לימוניום

Limonium

צסטורום

Cestrum

ספארי סנסט

Safari Sunset

סחלב

Orchid

מרסינה

Myrsine

סולידסטר

Solidaster

פמפס

Pampas grass

אקליפטוס

Eucalyptus

פרח שעווה

Waxflower

אדמונית

Peony

שרך

Fern

ערבה סליקס

Willow (salix)

פילודנדרון

Philodendron

גרברה

Gerbera

 

 

קסנדו

Philodendron xanadu

סולידגו

Golden rod

🌷 Flowers that require supervision part of shemitah5

Hebrew

Flower Name

Date

אגרטום

Agerantum

1 Kislev

אמריליס

Amaryllis

1 Kislev

שושן אסיאתי

Asiatic lily

14 Cheshvan

אסטר שורש

Aster Root

14 Kislev

קמפנולה

Bell flowers (Campanula)

1 Tevet

קרספידיה

Billy buttons (Craspedia)

14 Cheshvan

צלוזיה

Celosia

1 Kislev

בבונג, מטריקריה

Chamomile (Babonag)

1 Kislev

חרציות

Chrysanthemum

1 Kislev

קאלה צבעונית

Colorful arum lilies

1 Kislev

קורקומה

Curcuma

14 Sivan

כיסופית

Desert yearning

1 Kislev

ארינגיום

Eryngium

1 Nissan

ליזיאנטוס

Eustoma (Lisianthus)

1 Tevet

גודטיה

Godetia (Clarkia)

1 Kislev

ליליה/ליליות

Lilies

14 Cheshvan

שושן

Madonna lily

14 Cheshvan

מנטור

Matthiola

1 Kislev

אסקלפיאס

Milkweed (Asclepias)

1 Adar I

אלסטרומריה

Peruvian lily (Alstroemeria)

1 Nissan

ציפורן

Pink (Dianthus)

1 Tevet

אסטר ורדה

Pink Aster

1 Tevet

קרטמוס (חריע)

Safflower (Carthamus tincorius)

1 Kislev

תגית

Scabious

14 Cheshvan

עדעד

Sea Lavender )Limonium sinuatum(

1 Kislev

לוע הארי

Snapdragon

1 Kislev

היפריקום

St. John's Wort (Hypericum)

1 Tevet

שושן סטאר גזר

Stargazer lily

14 Cheshvan

חמנית

Sunflower

1 Tevet

ציפורן ברבטוס

Sweet William (Dianthus barbatus)

1 Kislev

סייפן

Sword lilies

14 Kislev

טרכליום

Throatwort (Trachelium)

1 Shevat

טווידיה

Tweedia

14 Cheshvan

ורוניקה

Veronica

1 Tevet

אכילאה

Yarrows (Achillea)

1 Tevet

 

Notes

1. For more on buying flowers and saplings from nurseries, see Chapter 23 of The Consumer's Guide to Shemitah, p. 150.

2. Such flowers are annuals that are generally planted in the middle of the year. These flowers were not growing at the beginning of the shemitah year. When they reach the market, they will definitely have been planted during shemitah.

3. Perennials do not need supervision since they were not necessarily planted during shemitah, and when there is room for doubt it is possible to be lenient. Nevertheless, there is a real possibility that these flowers were planted during shemitah, so lechatchilah one should purchase them in a place with kashrut supervision.

4. Fragrant roses should be handled as having kedushat shevi'it.

5. These flowers are planted at certain dates throughout the year. For this reason, only from the date that new flowers begin to grow is there a concern that the flowers were planted during the shemitah year.