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Flowers – dates from when they might be planted in a forbidden fashion during shemitah

Flowers – dates from when they might be planted in a forbidden fashion during shemitah

We should not buy flowers planted in a forbidden fashion during shemitah. This table describes the current situation for flowers: where they are planted and the dates from when there is a concern they were planted in a forbidden fashion.

Rabbis of Torah VeHa'aretz Institute

Click here to download the PDF file.

 

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Group

Flower name

Flower name Heb.

Date flowers planted in 5782 appear on the market. From this time on, buy flowers with kashrut certification only

Regular type of growth

Notes

1

Decorative green branches  grown in nethouses

Aralia (Fastia)

ארליה

Perennials can be purchased all year round without kashrut certification

Planted in the ground in nethouses

 

2

Asparagus

אספרגוס

3

Aspedistra

מגינית

4

Chinese sweet plum (?)

מרסינה

5

Fern

שרך

6

Great horsetail

שבטבט

7

Laurel-leaved snail tree

סהרון

8

Philodendron

פילודנדרון

9

Pittospormum

פיטוספורום

10

Ruscus

רוסקוס
(עצבונית)

11

Decorative green branches grown outdoors

Acacia

שיטה

Perennials can be purchased all year round without kashrut certification

Planted in the ground outdoors

Pruning does not impact the annual yield

12

Eucalyptus

אקליפטוס

13

Grevillea

גרווילאה

14

Pampas grass

פמפס

15

Protea

פרוטאות

16

17

Safari Sunset (Leucadendron)

ספארי סנסט (לאוקדנדרון)

18

Waxflower

פרח שעווה

19

Willow

ערבה

20

Perennial flowers grown in hothouses or planted once every few years

Roses

ורדים

Perennials; from spring on, verify they were not planted in 5782 or if there was heter mechirah

Detached platforms in hothouses

 

21

Baby's breath  (Gybsophila)

גיבסנית

Grown in the ground in hothouses

Grown also outdoors

22

Dianthus

ציפורן

Grown also in nethouses

23

Gerbera

גרברה

24

Golden rod

סולידגו

25

Phlox 

פלוקס

26

Planted as a seedling during the year

Chrysanthemum

חרציות

Early Kislev

Detached platforms in hothouses

 

27

Aster (various types)

אסטר שורש

20 Cheshvan

Hothouses in the ground

Grown also in nethouses

28

Eustoma (Lisianthus)

ליזיאנטוס

29

Pink Aster

אסטר ורדה

30

Delphinium

דלפיניום

In the ground in hothouses / outdoors

Sometimes planted as seedlings, sometimes sown as seeds

31

Bulbs planted during the shemitah year

Sword lilies

סייפן

Early Kislev

Grown outdoors

 

32

Madonna lily

שושן

1 Kislev

In hothouses in the ground

In nethouses in the ground

 

33

Anemone

כלנית

Planted during shemitah; needs kashrut certification

 

34

Anemone

כלנית

In the ground

Also grown indoors on detached platforms

35

Buttercup

נורית

In hothouses in the ground

 

36

Freesia

פרזיה

37

Arum lilies

קאלות לבנה

Outdoors

Also on detached platforms in hothouses

38

Colorful arum lilies

קאלה צבעונית

Hothouses, on detached platforms

Always on detached platforms in hothouses

39

Tuberose

נץ חלב דוביום

 

Also available from plants planted before shemitah

40

Flowers generally sown as seeds

Delphinium

דלפיניום

Planted during shemitah, requires certification

In the ground, hothouse / outdoors

Sometimes sown, sometimes planted

41

Matthiola

מנטור

Outdoors

 

 

42

Sunflower

חמנית

Rosh Chodesh Tevet

Outdoors