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Birkat ha’ilanot on fruit bowl trees

Rabbi Yoel Friedman

Can I say birkat ha’ilanot on a tree with several types of fruit growing on it?

The orlah year calculation

Dr. Mordechai Shomron, agronomist

Two months ago we bought a dwarf lemon tree that says on it “from 2013.” We planted the tree together with the clod of earth that it came with, which only fell off a little bit. Do we have to start the orlah year count again? If so, can we uproot it and replant it, and in which way can we use its fruit without waiting?

Determining the ma’aser year for fruit that blooms early

Rabbi Yoel Friedemann

Loquat and almond trees bloom early, some before Tu BiShevat, and some afterwards. How do I take teruma and ma’aser  from these fruit?

Taking teruma and ma’aser when picking a few fruits at a time

Rabbi Yehuda HaLevy Amichay

I have a tangerine tree in my backyard for seven years now. This year the tree yielded a lot of fruit, B”H. Do I have to take ma’aser each time I pick a certain amount of tangerines?

Bringing fruit into the house through the window

Rabbi Yoel Friedemann

Fruit brought into the house through the window is not subject to the obligation of separating teruma and ma’aser. I live in a private house, though, and the fruit first goes into my yard and only after that is brought through the window. Is the fruit still exempt from teruma and ma’aser in this case, too?

Which mitzvot are tied to the Land of Israel?

Rabbi Yehuda HaLevy Amichay

Is taking challah considered a mitzva tied to the Land of Israel? Is there a list of such mitzvot? Can you give me several examples?

Taking terumot and ma’aserot from seeds

Rabbi Yehuda HaLevy Amichay

I grow several vegetables in my garden such as string beans, peas, and potatoes. Sometimes I take all or some of the seeds to plant the next round of crops in my garden.

1) Am I supposed to take ma’aser from the seeds before planting, or does ma’aser only apply to edible produce?

2) If there is an obligation of taking ma’aser at this point, do I need to take ma’aser from seeds I buy at a nursery?


When tithed grapes are used for wine

Rabbi Yehuda HaLevy Amichay

If I buy grapes or olives from which terumot and ma’aserot were taken, and then use them to make wine or olive oil, do I need to take terumot and ma’aserot again (at the completion of the process, gemar melacha)?

Taking ma’aserot from pine nuts

Rabbi Yehuda HaLevy Amichay

My four-year-old son collects pine nuts that fall under the trees and also brings them into the house.

  1. Are they subject to terumot and ma’aserot?
  2. If so, how do I prevent him from eating them first before taking terumot and ma’aserot?


Taking ma’aserot from garden-grown mint

Dr. Mordechai Shomron, Agronomist

Do I need to take ma’aserot from the mint growing in my garden that I use to make tea?