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Q&A

Separating terumot and ma’aserot at a cherry picking festival

Rabbi Ehud Ahituv

There is a cherry picking festival taking place in Gush Etzion, and I’d like to go with a few friends. You can pick cherries, blueberries, and raspberries.

  1. Is there a problem with orlah (is there supervision by the Gush Etzion rabbinate)?
  2. If we pay upfront and it’s “all you can eat,” how can we eat the fruit without first taking terumot and ma’aserot, and at which point do we need to separate them? The same question regarding eating the fruit in the car on the way home.
  3. I know there are guidelines about checking fruit for infestation (and that raspberries are very difficult to check). Do you have current information about infestation status?

This seems like such a nice event, and it is difficult for me to believe that in a place like Gush Etzion, where there are so many observant Jews, there would be a festival that would trip people up in eating tevel mide’oriyta

Kila’im in Vegetables

Agronomist Mordechai Shomron

Is a drip irrigation pipe considered a barrier when growing different types of vegetables on either side of the drip pipe? When it comes to seed starters do these pose a kila’im problem?

Juicers and regular leafy vegetables

Rabbi Yehuda HaLevy Amichay

Can I juice leafy vegetables not grown with special insect-free supervision, using a juicer for hard fruits and vegetables? The juicer grinds the flesh of the fruit/vegetable, and then separates the flesh from the juice by a centrifuge and a fine filter. The filter holes are extremely fine and rarely, if at all, does fruit or vegetable bits mix in with the juice. Note that in order to produce a little bit of juice a lot of vegetables are needed, so the cost of using supervised insect-free leafy vegetables for this purpose is very high.

Is it possible to grow insect-free vegetables at home?

Rabbis of Torah VeHa’aretz Institute

I received a kit for growing garden rocket at home. I know that there are many complications related to growing leafy vegetables. What can I do so I can eat the leaves that grow? Is there some sort of pesticide that I can use? Or a net? Also, how should I check the leaves so I don’t transgress the prohibitions involved in eating insects? Thank you!

Grafting several types of citrus fruit onto one tree

Rabbi Ehud Ahituv

Is it permissible to graft several types of citrus fruit (tangerine, lemon, orange, etc.) onto one tree?

Grafting blueberries onto a strawberry tree

Rabbi Avraham Sochovolsky

I grow different types of berries. Can I graft a blueberry onto a strawberry tree (they are from the same family).

Birkat ha’ilanot on fruit bowl trees

Rabbi Yoel Friedman

Can I say birkat ha’ilanot on a tree with several types of fruit growing on it?

The orlah year calculation

Dr. Mordechai Shomron, agronomist

Two months ago we bought a dwarf lemon tree that says on it “from 2013.” We planted the tree together with the clod of earth that it came with, which only fell off a little bit. Do we have to start the orlah year count again? If so, can we uproot it and replant it, and in which way can we use its fruit without waiting?

Determining the ma’aser year for fruit that blooms early

Rabbi Yoel Friedemann

Loquat and almond trees bloom early, some before Tu BiShevat, and some afterwards. How do I take teruma and ma’aser  from these fruit?

Taking teruma and ma’aser when picking a few fruits at a time

Rabbi Yehuda HaLevy Amichay

I have a tangerine tree in my backyard for seven years now. This year the tree yielded a lot of fruit, B”H. Do I have to take ma’aser each time I pick a certain amount of tangerines?